Proof 1: Hypothesis that Carbohydrates are Non-essential ...
Proof: Can we really Prove that our primary source of fuel for our cellular metabolism is dependent on fat and fat alone?
Answer: Yes - How a Hypothesis becomes a Theory ...
Do we need to approach this from an Evolutionarily positon ... ?
Not really as we have a daily reminder of our initial requirements
that set us on our nutritional life long journey ...
We will approach this from the Animal kingdom point of view as humans are part of and interact with the total taxonomy of living things. i.e. our Gut Microbiome and Genetic History - Epigenetics | contributor july/2016
In fact: → we only have to go back to our →
Causation: Dietary fat has been the subject of considerable derision, misinformation and disinformation through medical authorities, public policy campaigns,
conventional nutritionists and the mainstream media for most of the last century. Conversely, dietary carbohydrates have been lauded as foundational to human dietary needs.
This is completely Wrong.
The role of SCFAs is linked to health promoting effects, including a reduced risk of inflammatory diseases, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, in addition the end products of fermentation of dietary fibers by the anaerobic intestinal microbiota, have been shown to exert multiple beneficial effects on mammalian energy metabolism (1,2).
Bornto rely on fat: as our primary source of fuel
Once the onset of suckling takes place ... ketone bodies become the major fuel for the brain development. (5) (Note 1,2,3) Cerebral utilization of ketone is increased in direct proportion to the degree of ketosis. Significant utilization of ketone bodies by the brain is normal in the neonatal period. The new born infant tends to be hypoglycemic, but becomes ketoic when it begins to nurse because of the high fat content of mother's milk. The brain becomes ketotic as utilization of ketones becomes the brains primary fuel. (i.e. energy supply comes from ketone bodies).
Mother's milk is made up of Proteins (1%) (whey and casein), Fats (3-5%) (palmitic and oleic acids) and Sugars (7%) (non-digestible Oligosaccharides and lactose).
The fats are
Monounsaturated MCTs, and with a small amount of
Polyunsaturated. The fats are necessary for brain development, absorption of fat-soluble vitamins,
and are a primary calorie source.
The richest source of medium chain fats is Mother's Milk. The MCTs are passed to the baby and small intestines where the gut microbiome, which the baby gets from the mother, and the gut microbiota transforms these into SCFAs. These fats play an essential role in the development of the brain and nurons in the developing baby. (Note 4,5)
One key ingredient in breastmilk is a brain-boosting fat called DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), an omega-3 fatty acid. DHA is a vital nutrient for growth, development and maintenance of brain tissue. Infant formulas made in the United States do not contain DHA. (Note 6)
The New Born Infant can survive perfectly for the entire first year, or longer, on just mother's milk. The high fat content and HMOs (Oligosaccharides) in mother's milk is all the infant needs. These feed both the babies nutritional needs and the gut microbiome passed on by the mother. The mother also has passed on her complete immune antibodies to train the infant's immune system.
New knowledge: Mother's milk is high in HMO's, which the infant cannot digest, but, now we know that the mother is passing maternal immune cells and antibodies "maternal educational immunity", and feeding the Gut Microbiota which she inoculated into the baby as the baby passed down the vaginal birth canal. The Gut Microbiota then grows into a community and produces many of the vitamins and micronutrient compounds needed by the infant. (1,3,4)
HMOs are known to be more than just “food for bugs”. An accumulating body of evidence suggests that HMOs are antiadhesive antimicrobials that serve as soluble decoy receptors, prevent pathogen attachment to infant mucosal surfaces and lower the risk for viral, bacterial and protozoan parasite infections. This is all part of passing on immune learning. (8) (Note 7)
Human physiological makeup and the history of our ancestral diet, however, has not been consistent with these dietary claims and the subsequent
War on Saturated Fat. Dietary fat is demonstrably central to our most basic energy, metabolic and physiologic needs and by restricting its intake we foster a much less healthy
and unnatural dependence upon carbohydrates, to the considerable detriment of societal physical and mental health. (9)
Non-digestible carbohydrates influence specific aspects of the immune function, particularly since the intestine embodies quantitatively the largest proportion of immune tissue in mammals. (6,7) Furthermore, nearly all fibers are fermented to some extent, producing short-chain fatty acids - SCFAs, also known as volatile fatty acids - VFAs (wiki) (10,11).
An infant baby can spend its first year of life existing on Proteins, Fats, and Complex carbohydrates which are essentially non-digestible, and do quite well.
Our ancestors ate from many different and wild sources which fostered a large diverse community of bacteria. 10,000 years of selective farming has bred out much of the fiber in favor of "softer" and "tastier" foods. "Palatability and Less Bitter" or Hyper-Palatables and referenced in Dr. Pamela Peeke's published works and her book The Hunger Fix.
Nature's Supreme Example the Giraffe, goes from
Mother's milk to eating
Only - Acacia leaves, and has
No malnutrition. Their
Gut Microbiome can produce all the micronutrients needed for the animal to flourish and survive.
Our Downfall: is not at birth, it is when we put our uninformed opinions on our life's choices ... guessing does not count.
Importance/benefits of fat and ketone bodies (Ketosis) in the Brain.
Satruated Fat. 11% arachidonic acid and 25% of fatty acids making up the brain neurons and cells, are DHA - Omega-3. Fats and Oil - Where did the Omega-3s Go? | contributor april/2016. (31)
Carb loadingis wrong, as we simply cannot store enough
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