Stress Benefits - Nutrient Richer Food Sources, more Mitochondria


Marilyn's Column | November/2016

Muscle stress builds mitochondria and the body stores nutrients for use.

Topic: Stress - What does it really Do?

Can you tell what are the best Nutrient Rich Proteins Sources - proteins from foods come along with many, minerals, micronutrients, phytonutrients, longevity vitamins, and other macronutrients, i.e. Fats and Carbohydrates.

   Protein sources that get "Heavy Use".

We will approach this from the Animal kingdom and then the Plant Kingdom, but humans are part of and interact with the total taxonomy of living things. i.e. our Gut Microbiome and Soil Health | contributor april/2016

Stress is important to both kingdoms and it produces a response that is benificial to both kingdoms.

On the right are 2 pictures of breast meat from 2 different birds. "Bird Families" (Wiki), Anatidae and Phasianidae.

    Can you tell the difference and does it make a difference, and if so - ...

  1. What is the difference?
  2. Why the difference?
  3. Does it make a difference?
  4. Should we care?


  1. → Color is the difference.
  2. → One is a domesticated bird and never flies, and one is a wild game bird that routinely flies 2,000 miles every year.(1)
  3. → Yes, it is packed with 3 times the Mitochondria and hence Higher Nutrients. Exercise is Stress and your immune system responds.
  4. → Yes, if you care about your health, mitochondrial biogenesis, and nutrition.

Muscles contain the highest mitochondrial content of any tissue in your body, in order to provide massive amounts of ATP for movement and exercise. In humans, muscle is generally divided into three types, white muscle, red muscle and mixed muscle. The terms “red” and “white” are derived from the way these muscles appear during surgery or autopsies, but largely refer to the mitochondrial content of the muscle itself.

protein and living to 100

Red muscles contain a large quantity of mitochondria, white muscles contain fewer mitochondria and mixed muscles contain both red and white muscle fiber types. Whereas a single cell contains one nucleus, muscle cells often contain hundreds or even thousands of mitochondria in order to support the generation of large quantities of ATP during exercise.

Mitochondrial Biogenesis a process that was first described over 40 years ago by a pioneer in the field of exercise physiology named John Holloszy. In his seminal paper on the effects of exercise on mitochondrial structure and function, he found that endurance training induced large increases in muscle mitochondrial content. (1)

With this logic, we should forget the white meat chicken/turkey breasts and if we Eat Chicken or Turkey, we need to be eating the thighs and legs. The heavily used muscles have about twice (2X) the fats and fat soluble vitamins. Dark meats simply have more myoglobin proteins i.e. they have to carry more oxygen. Not quite as noticeable in red meats like beef, this logic would indicate to eat tough meats not filet mignon, i.e ground shoulder (chuck, brisket) and leg meat (rump, round, shank). Once again the Hamburger rules supreme (But - No bun).

Forget the Apple - wild game is as natural as one can get in the industrialized world. And, fresh water "Trout" is cleaner and less contaminated than many of our fish from the sea.

The average modern apple has 25g of sugars/carbs and it has been hybridized for Palatability and Sweetness (Least Bitter) both addictions. Hyper-Palatables is a term that Dr. Pamela Peeke uses in her book The Hunger Fix.

The New York Times on Breeding the Nutrition Out of Our Food | by Jo Robinson - 2013. Robinson points out that today’s apples contain less than half the phytonutrients found in the wild crab apples from which modern apples descended. (5,6,7) "... Wild dandelions, once a springtime treat for Native Americans, have 7 times more phytonutrients than spinach, which we consider a “superfood.” A purple potato native to Peru has 28 times more cancer-fighting anthocyanins than common russet potatoes." ... and so forth.



Plant Stress Hypothesis is an area of research ... which predicts that plant quality for herbivores should increase if stress is imposed on plants. (10) There are now 100's of new research projects - Google Plant Stress. This hypothesis was first proposed by Professor Mark Bertness of Brown University.

Plant stress responses describe the suite of molecular and cellular processes that are triggered by the detection by the plant of some form of stress. Stresses can be abiotic, such as drought or excess light, or biotic, such as herbivores or pathogens.

Dr. Jessica Shade ... organic crops have significantly higher antioxidant levels when compared to conventional crops. This is from a new meta-analysis out of the United Kingdom (UK) and published in the British Journal of Nutrition which analyzed over 300 studies and showed 19% to 69% higher antioxidants and polyphenolics. (11,12) The evidence is linked to specific agronomic practices (e.g. non-use of mineral N and P fertilizers).

Plant studies illustrate the importance of considering effects of host-plant quality along with variation in other environmental factors for estimating the impact of environmental changes on herbivorous species. This falls into the same category of Plant Soil/Root Chemistry - No Roto-tilling | contributor april/2016

Our health is based on healthy biomes. i.e. Happy Soil = Happy Plant = Happy Human: A Soil Microbiome Education for Optimal Human Health. Dr. Elaine Ingham, soil microbiologist and founder of Soil Foodweb Inc. explains how our soils are Alive - Mother Nature does approve of human ignorance. Humans just insist on Interfering with our longevity and lifespan. Ref: Dr. Patrick's ... the Obesogenic Diet.


  1. According to Dr. Shade, there are two leading theories about why organic fruits and vegetables produce higher antioxidant levels than their conventional counterparts: the oxidative stress hypothesis and the growth-differentiation balance hypothesis.
    1. The oxidative stress hypothesis centers around the fact that many antioxidant compounds that are nutritionally beneficial for humans are actually created in response to oxidative stress that the plant experiences.
    2. The growth-differentiation balance hypothesis, on the other hand, focuses on how plants allocate their limited resources such as water and nutrients. Are resources spent on creating new plant tissue, or do they get spent on creating secondary metabolites such as antioxidants to protect the plant tissue they have already grown?
    3. Dr. Shade's above graph show that there is a median balance without synthetic chemicals. These chemicals inherently cause an imbalance in our soils.
  2. Funny ... both hypotheses sound a lot like Dr. Ames - Triage Theory, the same theory in animals (i.e. Humans). Nature trades short term survival for long term health, but as seen the Exercise and Stress mechanism triggers the immune response and produces huge benefits. This presupposes that we do not have malnutrition, as you are turning off your immune system with a poor diet, hence ... the Centenarian Diet.
  3. Stress is Good as plants produce higher levels of antioxidants in response to that stress. This adaptation to our environment exists in both Plants and Animals. These secondary plant metabolites protect the plants and the benefits of these compounds are passed on to herbivores ... such as Humans. Animals have spent the last 500 million years benefiting and entertwining our symbiosis with Mother Nature - (Wiki). Native Americans like Chief Seattle recognized this symbiosis.

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